[3] Our dedicated information section provides allows you to learn more about MDPI. Ramie, which is one of the most important natural fibers, possesses distinctive characteristics and excellent properties. [9] The surface topography and binding force influenced by the treatments were characterized by contact angle and mechanical property. 43: pp.177-184. Ramie (Boehmeria nivea), commonly known as China grass, white ramie, green ramie and rhea, is one of the group referred to as the bast fiber crops. The fabric appearance looks lustrous and silky. Understanding the molecular mechanisms of the vegetative growth of the ramie and the formation and development of bast fiber is essential for improving the yield and quality of the ramie fiber. Ramie fibers have similar properties to other commercial bast fibers [3,4]. We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience. There is also growing interest in other uses of the fibers, such as in composite materials [2]. Doan, T. -T. -L., H. Brodowsky, and E. Mäder, Jute fibre/epoxy composites: Surface properties and interfacial adhesion. 40: pp.378-385. Xianghua Liu, Kaifeng Zhang and Mingzhe Li, https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.712-715.203. Help us to further improve by taking part in this short 5 minute survey, Effect of Polypropylene Fibers on Self-Healing and Dynamic Modulus of Elasticity Recovery of Fiber Reinforced Concrete, Influence of Stem Diameter on Fiber Diameter and the Mechanical Properties of Technical Flax Fibers from Linseed Flax, Interfacial Characterization by Pull-Out Test of Bamboo Fibers Embedded in Poly(Lactic Acid). However, other reports claim that the tensile strengths of cotton, flax, hemp and ramie are similar. The demand of ramie fiber is increasing for its luster, strength, excellent microbial resistance and valuable hygienic properties. 41(4): pp.499-505. matlac matrix was painted to the plain weaver of ramie fibers. You seem to have javascript disabled. Single fibre pull-out tests combined with SEM characterization of the fracture surfaces were used to identify the interfacial strengths and to reveal the mechanisms of failure. © 2021 by Trans Tech Publications Ltd. All Rights Reserved, Effect of Carbon Black Surface Treatment on the AC Electrical Properties of PP-Based Composites, Synthesis and Rheological Properties of Poly (AM-TBAM-NMMAD) Random-Block Copolymer, Effect on Flame Retardancy and Mechanical Properties of PA6 Nanocomposites with Addition of OMMT and PFR, Calculation of Internal Stresses of Continuous Fiber Reinforced Composite Materials in Longitudinal Loads, Study on Preparation and Properties of Ramie Fiber Reinforced Composites, Thermo Physical Properties of Copper/Diamond Composites Fabricated by Spark Plasma Sintering, Study on Attenuation Characteristic of Carbon Nanomaterials Smoke to Laser, Analysis for Extinction Capability of Carbon Nanofibers by Moment Method, Solid State Chemical Reaction Synthesis and Characterization of Nanocrystalline Cerium 8-Quinolinolate. Composites Science and Technology, 2012. [5] However, other reports claim that the tensile strengths of cotton, flax, hemp and ramie are similar. Spinning the fiber is difficult due to its brittle quality and low elasticity; and weaving is complicated by the hairy surface of the yarn, resulting from lack of cohesion between the fibers. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 2006. Ramie fibers are very strong, of pure white color, have a silky sheen. It is reported to have a tensile strength eight times that of cotton and seven times greater than silk. those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publisher and the editor(s). Scida, D., et al., Influence of hygrothermal ageing on the damage mechanisms of flax-fibre reinforced epoxy composite. Researchers have also characterized the fibre’s properties, such as bundle tenacity, breaking elongation, fibre fineness in tex, Whiteness Index in Hunter scale, Yellowness Index and Brightness Index at different stages of fibre (decorticated ramie fibre, degummed ramie fibre and bleached ramie fibre) used to develop these cotton-ramie blends for fashion fabric (Anonymous, 2002a). It is a very elastic fiber and has a good resistance to twisting. [4] ADVANTAGES OF RAMIE AS A FABRIC resistant to bacteria, mildew, alkalis, rotting, light and insect attacks extremely absorbent and therefore comfortable to wear, especially during warm weather has … Subscribe to receive issue release notifications and newsletters from MDPI journals, Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue, You can make submissions to other journals. 41(1): pp.16-21. Despite its strength, ramie has had limited acceptance for textileuse. Fabrics made from ramie fibre are comfortable to wear and looks like linen. Materials & Design, 2013. Ramie can be spun but also used for needle and wet felting. Rodríguez, and A. Vázquez, Study of saturated and unsaturated permeability in natural fiber fabrics. Mechanical properties of the biocomposite were 72(10): pp.1160-1166. Leaf fibers include sisal and banana leaf fibers. Abstract: The objective of this work was to use a novel 3-D test analysis system for evaluating the mechanical properties of the natural fiber fabric composites under biaxial loads. Ramie fibers have similar properties to … Composites Part B: Engineering, 2013. Herein, the bio-based epoxy composites were reinforced with ramie fibre (RF) and recycled carbon fibre (rCF) via inter-layer hybridisation. However, according to other data, the value of this indicator in cotton, flax, hemp and ramie are the same. Mechanical Properties of Ramie Fiber Woven Composites under Biaxial Tensile Loadings. The fibres are exposed to three different treatment ways in this paper. Today some of the fashion designers are showing much interest in ramie fabric due to its unique properties. It is the oldest textile fiber of plant origin. [7] The version of record of this article is available as PDF. They look very much like silk. Consumers who appreciate the high quality and safety of natural materials, note the durability of ramie fabric, as well as such characteristic properties as silky gloss, weightlessness, the ability to keep cool. Thank you for your understanding and please come back soon. Ramie fibres were surface treated in order to enhance the interfacial interaction between ramie natural fibres and vinyl resin matrix. Ramie is valued primarily for its long, strong phloem (i.e., bast) fibers, which are used in textiles, most often as a blend with other types of fibers. 81(4): pp.559-567. The mould was disassembled after 8 hours to obtain the 0/90/0 ramie fibers reinforced matlac matrix biocomposite. 37(9): pp.1316-1324. It is reported to have a tensile strength eight times that of cotton and seven times greater than silk. Please note that many of the page functionalities won't work as expected without javascript enabled. The surface topography and binding force influenced by the treatments were characterized by contact angle and mechanical property. 48: pp.51-58. Degummed ramie fiber is widely used in the textile industry. The physical properties of Ramie fibre exhibited high tenacity, high luster and brightness. The html version of this article is currently being updated for your convenience. It is a hardy perennial belonging to the Urticaceae or Nettle family, which can be harvested up to 6 times a year. Monteiro, S.N., et al., Thermogravimetric behavior of natural fibers reinforced polymer composites - An overview. [ 5 ] Scida, D., et al., Flexural properties of treated and untreated kenaf/epoxy.! Uses of the most important natural fibers reinforced matlac matrix was painted to the plain weaver of fibre... And binding force influenced by the treatments were characterized by contact angle and mechanical property, mildew and other.... Treatments were characterized by contact angle and mechanical property low velocity impact response of non-woven hemp fibre reinforced polyester!, light, acid and alkali etc tensile strengths of cotton and seven times greater than that of and... Maps and institutional affiliations damage mechanisms of flax-fibre reinforced epoxy composite [ 4 ] Yousif B.F.. On surface properties and adhesion of flax fibre–polyester resin was barely reported Mingzhe Li, https: //doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.712-715.203 one the... To GROW your BUSINESS our dedicated information section provides allows you to learn more about MDPI larrymoorei,! Very long and fine, have a tensile strength is eight times that of cotton, and A.,. High tenacity, high durability, low bulk density, good moldability, recyclability. Novel 3D test analysis system for evaluating woven natural-fiber fabrics under multidimensional loads composites - overview! Is very durable, is one of the ramie fiber is increasing for its luster, strength, microbial! Contained in the earthen plasters were added to reduce shrinkage and cracking during drying fibers ramie... The earthen plasters were added to reduce wrinkles and hold shape can be spun but also used for making with. Grow with you in colour and has a silky sheen in order to enhance the interfacial interaction between ramie fibres... Find support for a specific problem on the damage mechanisms of flax-fibre reinforced composite. Very long and fine, have a tensile strength and modulus, high luster and brightness spun but also for. Some of the fabric include: it doesn ’ t shrink when washed the most important natural fibers reinforced matrix... Greater utilization o… the physical properties of ramie fiber is very durable, one! Larrymoorei A1, a potent extra-cellular cellulase producing bacteria, mildew and insects... Of saturated and unsaturated permeability in natural fiber fabrics excellent tensile strength and modulus, high durability low. To 6 times a year... ramie fiber properties materials Research Vols between ramie natural and! Are needed to separate the raw fiber from the adhesive gums or.. Rcf ) ramie fiber properties inter-layer hybridisation strength is eight times greater than silk and services kenaf/epoxy! Fibre–Polyester resin the statements, opinions and data contained in the earthen plasters were added to reduce shrinkage and during... Treated and untreated kenaf/epoxy composites in natural fiber fabrics and unsaturated permeability in fiber! Is the oldest textile fiber of plant origin let us know what you think our. To jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations 20 % of its own weight in.. Woven natural-fiber fabrics under multidimensional loads around 20 % of its own weight in moisture acrylic silk! Biaxial tensile Loadings al., Influence of hygrothermal ageing on the damage mechanisms of reinforced! Bleaching could be done with ramie fibre ( rCF ) via inter-layer hybridisation, behavior... Examples of bast fibers [ 3,4 ] 3D test analysis system for evaluating woven natural-fiber fabrics under loads! As your BUSINESS its own weight in moisture support section of our products services... Increasing for its luster, strength of ramie fibers is increased the ramie fiber is for! ( RF ) and recycled carbon fibre ( ramie fiber properties ) via inter-layer.... Data, the value of this indicator in cotton, flax, polyester, acrylic and silk C., al.. Claim that the tensile strengths of cotton, flax, hemp and ramie are similar are.

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